Menstruation cycle is the vaginal bleeding that takes time every 28 to 32 days with major females, the all matter starts in a cycle repeated nearly every month when one ovary gives an ovum, nourishing it waiting for a possible pregnancy to happen, when fertilization fails; the released ovum starts to shrink and fade gradually, along with the inner layer of the uterus called the endometrium, that starts to detach and discharge from the vagina, seen as blood to start the period, the menstruation cycle happens through multiple stages that are all controlled with two important hormones; estrogen and progesterone.
Every female knows well the symptoms of menstruation cycle, however; the symptoms can differ from a woman to another and even in the same woman, the major signs that could be seen are like:
- Fluid accumulation and gathering that can be felt in certain body spots as the abdomen, face, or breasts, this mainly happen from the increase in the estrogen concentrations trying to prepare the uterine for receiving a fertilized ovum, this fluid retention can lead to gases, pain and tenderness at the affected sites.
- Strong contractions for progesterone production as a result of pregnancy failure, aiding to expel the ovum with the uterine lining.
- General weakness, changes in mood, headache, excessive anxiety, sleeping difficulties, appetite loss, bowel changes as diarrhea or constipation, pain at the back and the leg that can affect daily activities greatly.
Controlling period pain
- Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as Advil (Ibuprofen) that can help in easing much of the pain felt, along with other signs as headaches or muscle aches, it can be taken as pills after meals, effervescent sachets or injections for a faster effect.
- Diuretics can be helpful in getting rid of the excessive fluids accumulated in the body, drugs as Spironolactone could be the choice in this case, though; ask your doctor first before taking any diuretic, it could harm you especially if you have any cardiac issues as hypertension or renal disorders.
- Some vitamins may help in regulating menstruation cycle symptoms, as Calcium and Magnesium as they work together to suppress further muscle contractions and soreness.
Easy home remedies
- Resting is the first step to think of, avoiding strong activities and relaxing as much as possible is a good way to start.
- Drink calming warm drinks as peppermint, you can add the green leaves to your tea or drinking it alone, it works as carminative to expel gases, decreasing contractions, in addition to calming your stomach.
- Stay away from excessive salt and sugar sources in your food as they attract more fluid and water to gather in your body.
- Stay away from harmful fatty sources like dairy products, butter or fast food, fats can irritate your muscles and worsen your pain, you can use skimmed dairy products and olive oil instead.
- Caffeine found in tea and coffee in addition to chocolate can trigger much of your symptoms to happen, plus disturbing your mood and increasing the anxiety feeling.
- Taking warm showers, baths or using warm pads can ease your pain to a great extent, making the pain and cramps to go away, in addition to refreshing yourself.